Museum of ancient art and technology

The Museum of ancient art and technology of Kostanai state pedagogical University named after U. Sultangazin was created in 2004 To 2017 the Museum was called the Museum of archaeology and Ethnography. The Fund of the Museum is more than 3000 exhibits, which belong to different periods of the history of Kazakhstan. The Museum houses exhibits of jewelry applied art, pottery, blacksmithing, carpet weaving, numismatics, bonistics, printing, music, national Kazakh games. A large collection of exhibits refers to the Botay culture, containing bone tools, tools made of silicon and Jasper – flakes, scrapers, knives, made with the help of retouching technology, upholstery, grinding.

Every year among the students of Kostanay state pedagogical University named after U. Sultangazin is held the action "Secrets of your attic", during which students explore in their home Antiques and share with each other finds, transfer to the Museum.

In 1976, on the right Bank of the Tobol river near the city of Kostanay was found a stone sculpture depicting a sitting naked man looking into the sky. Mechanics of suburban state farm "Michurinsky" found a sculpture at plowing of the earth near the hill cut off by the bulldozer in two kilometers southwest of the Central estate of state farm. Brigadier V. M. Elisha delivered the findings in kostanajsky regional istoriko-Museum of local lore. On a place of detection of a sculpture left by the archaeologists of G. B. Zdanovich and A. A. Pleshakov.

The find belongs to the circle of sitting anthropomorphic sculptures of forest – steppe Asia and dates from the end of III-beginning of II Millennium BC. The sculpture is made of grayish-brown coarse stone (for the original definition of archaeologists, G. B. Zdanovich and Pleshakov A. A. – granite, for the following definition of a senior geologist Association "Sevkazgra" Y. I. Rylov – Sandstone). Product height 20.2 cm, weight 4 kg, good safety. Some damage is only in the lower part of the object-here is fixed a number of small chips and repulsed the base of the right leg. To date, the original Tobolsk thinker is exhibited in the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

A copy of the Tobolsk thinker was made by a student of the specialty "Fine arts and Drawing" Tursynbaev Almaty. The copy is made of plaster, all proportions are observed.

Sarmatian altars are home altars of the iron age fire. On the territory of Kazakhstan, the altars are presented in a rectangular and round shape, where small sacrifices were made by Sarmatian women. Khazanov emphasizes the fact that on such altars were made sacrifices to the goddess-mother, the Keeper of the hearth. The Sarmatian altar was found in the territory of Kostanay region, which confirms the information of archaeologists that the Sarmatian tribes lived here in the iron age.

Short akinak made of iron, doesvery with cross finial. In length akinak 30 cm Wooden handle rotted. Akinak was found near the village of Karabalyk and transferred to the Museum by a student majoring in "Foreign language".

Ceramics (from the Greek word keramos - clay) - products that are produced by sintering clays and mixtures of clays with mineral additives. Ceramics is widespread in everyday life, used in construction, in art. The main types of ceramics are: terracotta, majolica, earthenware, porcelain. All ceramic products are made of clay, but from different varieties of clay, with different additives, so they look so different. The secret of faience production, known to the masters of Ancient Egypt in the 15th century BC, was later re-invented in 3-4 centuries in China. In the 18th century, Europeans discovered the secret of porcelain, already from the 6th century known to Chinese masters. Masters of ceramics from England and France have created their own varieties of porcelain, such as soft porcelain or bone China. The continuity of traditions in the production of ceramics is visible in the history of pottery, which has always been associated with home craft. In the middle ages in Europe ceramics were mainly used for cooking dishes and food storage tanks. Masters used a variety of materials: white clay, white sand, crushed rock crystal. After painting and firing, such ceramic products were covered with a layer of glaze, after which the products were burned again.

The Museum of Kostanay state pedagogical University named after U. Sultangazin presents ceramic products of the early iron age and XIX centuries, which were used for cooking by Saka tribes, Kazakh sharua and Russian peasant settlers. Also ceramic ware was used for storage of dairy products among the Russian peasants-immigrants which was covered with glaze for the best storage of products. In addition to ceramic dishes Kazakh sharua used leather and wooden dishes, which are also presented in our Museum.

In the Kazakh national culture, a large number of different types of dishes are known, which were used both in everyday life and on festive or special dates. Dishes were made of wood, metal, ceramics, porcelain, earthenware, leather. There are names of dishes like Saba, Kazan, OSAC, months, korzhyn, torsyk, bulking, corn, globe, leaf, tegene, astau, legs, ladle, spoon, Kepler, Chan, terces, Cenek, samovar, Ty, noodles, stomach, pitcher, twine.

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110000, Kostanay, Tauelsizdik street, 118

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